Law of Commercial Transactions in Bangladesh

12 · 13 · 23

The Republic of Bangladesh, herein referred to as “Bangladesh,” boasts a thriving and expanding economy that is heavily reliant upon a resilient and comprehensive legal framework to effectively regulate and oversee commercial transactions.

The subject matter at hand pertains to the Law of Commercial Transactions in Bangladesh, which encompasses a comprehensive array of legal provisions and regulations that serve to facilitate and promote the conduct of trade, commerce, and various business activities within the jurisdiction.

The present article endeavors to delve into the fundamental facets of the aforementioned legal terrain, elucidating the regulatory structure and its ramifications for enterprises involved in commercial dealings.

Foundations of Commercial Transactions in law

Law of Contracts

  1. Framework for Contracts: The legal framework governing commercial transactions in Bangladesh finds its foundation in the principles and doctrines of contract law. The esteemed Contract Act of 1872 serves as the bedrock upon which the fundamental principles pertaining to the establishment, execution, and implementation of contractual agreements are firmly rooted.
  2. Parts of a Contract: In the realm of commercial transactions, it is imperative that the fundamental components, namely offer, acceptance, consideration, and lawful object, be duly satisfied in order to establish a valid and binding agreement. It is of utmost importance for businesses partaking in contractual agreements to possess a comprehensive comprehension of these fundamental components.

The Sale of Goods Act of 1930

  1. Regulating Sales: The aforementioned matter at hand pertains to the legal framework established by the Sale of Goods Act, 1930, which serves as the governing statute governing the transactional exchange involving the sale and acquisition of goods. The aforementioned document delineates the entitlements, responsibilities, and commitments of purchasers and vendors, thereby establishing a juridical structure for business dealings encompassing physical goods.
  2. Implied Conditions and Warranties: The aforementioned Act incorporates implicit conditions and warranties, thereby guaranteeing that goods adhere to specific standards and specifications. It is of utmost importance for businesses to adhere to these provisions in order to mitigate the risk of potential legal disputes.

Oversight of regulations

Powers That Regulate

  1. People who keep records on joint-stock companies and firms: In accordance with the applicable legal framework, it is duly noted that commercial transactions involving companies are subject to the regulatory purview of the esteemed Registrar of Joint Stock Companies and Firms. Ensuring adherence to the requisite registration and reporting obligations holds paramount importance for corporate entities.
  2. Bangladesh Bank: In matters pertaining to financial transactions and international trade, it is of utmost importance to acknowledge the significant role played by Bangladesh Bank. The regulations and guidelines set forth by the central bank have a significant impact on commercial transactions pertaining to banking and financial institutions.

Dealing with electronics and digital signatures

Online Business

  1. The Electronic Transactions Act of 2006: In light of the emergence of digital commerce, it is imperative to acknowledge the legal recognition bestowed upon electronic records and transactions by the Electronic Transactions Act of 2006. The aforementioned provisions encompass the utilization of digital signatures, thereby guaranteeing the authenticity and enforceability of electronic contracts.
  2. Cybersecurity Steps: Business entities involved in electronic commerce and digital transactions are legally obligated to comply with the cybersecurity protocols delineated within the applicable legislation. It is imperative to emphasize that the preservation of confidentiality and integrity of electronic data is an obligatory legal mandate.

Getting rid of business disputes

ADR stands for alternative dispute resolution

  1. Settlement talks and arbitration: The legal framework governing commercial transactions in Bangladesh actively promotes the utilization of alternative dispute resolution mechanisms, including but not limited to arbitration and mediation. These aforementioned methods provide effective and commercially advantageous means to settle conflicts outside the confines of conventional judicial proceedings.
  2. Putting arbitral decisions into action: The subject matter at hand pertains to the legal framework established by the Arbitration Act of 2001, which serves as the governing authority for the conduct of arbitration proceedings. Furthermore, it is worth noting that the courts play a pivotal role in facilitating the enforcement of arbitral awards. This provision guarantees that enterprises possess efficient mechanisms to address conflicts and uphold contractual commitments.

Follow-through and morals

Laws Against Corruption

  1. Stopping Corruption: The jurisdiction of Bangladesh is governed by a comprehensive legal framework that encompasses the presence of anti-corruption legislation, most notably the Anti-Corruption Commission Act of 2004. It is imperative for businesses to adhere to the aforementioned laws in order to uphold ethical norms and deter any form of illicit conduct in the realm of commercial transactions.
  2. Standards for Corporate Governance: The adherence to corporate governance standards is an essential component of the legal framework governing commercial transactions. It is incumbent upon businesses to diligently adhere to the imperative of implementing transparent practices, thereby safeguarding the paramount interests of stakeholders and engendering an unwavering sense of accountability.

Trade and business between countries

The uniform rules and practices for document credits

  1. Making trade finance easier: In matters pertaining to international trade, it is customary and widely observed to adhere to the Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits (UCP). The strict observance and compliance with the universally accepted UCP standards guarantees a consistent and unambiguous approach in dealings pertaining to letters of credit, thereby effectively reducing and managing potential risks for commercial enterprises.
  2. Contracts between countries: It is imperative for enterprises involved in transnational transactions to adeptly navigate the intricate realm of international contract laws. It is of utmost importance to comprehend the relevant conventions, including but not limited to the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG), in order to ensure adherence and conformity.

Difficulties and changes

Improvements in technology

  1. Changing Problems in E-Commerce: The expeditious progression of electronic commerce poses various challenges, encompassing apprehensions regarding the privacy of data and the perils associated with cyber intrusions. It is imperative to engage in a perpetual process of modifying the legal framework in order to effectively confront these challenges and cultivate an environment conducive to the secure conduct of digital commerce.
  2. Globalization and Getting Along: In light of the increasingly prevalent involvement of businesses in global transactions, it is imperative to underscore the indispensability of harmonizing commercial laws on an international level. The harmonization of local legislation with international norms and standards serves to facilitate the seamless execution of transactions across national borders.

Advice and Directions for the Future

Using technology in law

  1. Adoption of Legal Technology: The adoption of legal technology can prove advantageous in enhancing the legal landscape for commercial transactions. The utilization of digital solutions for the purposes of contract management, due diligence, and compliance monitoring serves to optimize operational effectiveness while concurrently mitigating potential risks.
  2. Legal education all the time: It is imperative that all stakeholders, encompassing businesses and legal professionals alike, partake in an ongoing and perpetual pursuit of legal education. Ensuring proactive compliance and risk mitigation necessitates the diligent acquisition of knowledge pertaining to the ever-changing laws and regulations.

After all that

In summation, it is evident that the legal framework governing commercial transactions in Bangladesh furnishes the indispensable foundation for enterprises to prosper and partake in upright and lucid trade. In light of the ever-changing business landscape, it is imperative to acknowledge that ongoing adaptations, integrations of technology, and endeavors towards international harmonization will undoubtedly exert a profound influence on the trajectory of commercial transactions within the jurisdiction.


  1. What is Bangladesh’s fundamental commercial law?
    The legal framework governing commercial transactions in Bangladesh is firmly established within the realm of contract law, with particular emphasis on the Contract Act of 1872.
  2. Which Bangladeshi regulatory bodies monitor company business transactions?
    The esteemed Registrar of Joint Stock Companies and Firms diligently supervises and regulates the intricate realm of commercial transactions pertaining to companies within the jurisdiction of Bangladesh. This esteemed authority ensures unwavering adherence to the stringent mandates concerning registration and reporting obligations.
  3. Bangladeshi business transactions law: how does it affect internet commerce?
    The aforementioned statement asserts that the Electronic Transactions Act of 2006, herein referred to as the Act, bestows legal acknowledgment upon electronic records and transactions, encompassing digital signatures, with the primary objective of promoting and facilitating electronic commerce within the jurisdiction of Bangladesh.
  4. Which alternative dispute resolution methods are recommended for Bangladeshi business transactions?
    The legal framework in place promotes the utilization of alternative methods for resolving disputes, including but not limited to arbitration and mediation, as explicitly delineated within the provisions of the Arbitration Act of 2001.

Contact the Best Barrister and Law Firm in Bangladesh:

DHAKA: House 410, ROAD 29, Mohakhali DOHS
DUBAI: Rolex Building, L-12 Sheikh Zayed Road
LONDON: 1156, St Giles Avenue, Dagenham

 Email Addresses:

24/7 Contact Numbers, Even During Holidays:

Related Posts

Bangladeshi private limited company formation

Bangladeshi private limited company formation

The establishment of a private limited company in Bangladesh gives a multiplicity of benefits, one of which is the removal of personal accountability. Additionally, the creation of such a firm allows for increased ownership and managerial autonomy. In this...

About the Author


Call us!
× Whatsapp