Laws and Policies on Climate Change in Bangladesh

12 · 21 · 23

Bangladesh, located in the geographically susceptible delta region, is confronting the deleterious consequences of climate change. The escalating levels of sea rise, intensification of extreme weather phenomena, and the altering agricultural patterns underscore the imperative need for a comprehensive legal framework to effectively tackle the multifaceted challenges posed by climate .

This article delves into the legislative and policy measures implemented by Bangladesh to address the challenges posed by climate change and foster sustainable development.


The impacts of climate on Bangladesh’s environment, economy, and overall well-being are indeed significant and concerning. Acknowledging the pressing nature of the issue at hand, governmental entities have implemented legislative measures and devised strategic frameworks to alleviate the repercussions of climate change, enhance resilience towards its effects, and promote the adoption of sustainable methodologies.

Legal Foundations

a. Bangladesh Climate Change Trust Act, 2010

The enactment of the Bangladesh Climate Trust Act in 2010 signifies the establishment of the Bangladesh Climate Change Trust (BCCT), which serves as a pivotal institution in facilitating endeavors pertaining to climate change within the region. The legislation delineates the roles, duties, and financial frameworks of the BCCT, with a particular focus on facilitating the allocation of resources towards endeavors aimed at enhancing climate resilience and mitigating climate change impacts.

b. Environment Conservation Act, 1995

The Environment Conservation Act of 1995 functions as a comprehensive legal framework that encompasses a range of environmental concerns, including the complex and multifaceted issue of climate . The aforementioned legislation grants the government the authority to implement strategies aimed at safeguarding the natural environment, regulating and mitigating pollution, and effectively tackling the various challenges posed by climate change. The implementation of this action is a crucial mechanism for effectively incorporating climate-related factors into the broader framework of environmental governance.

National Climate Change Policy, 2009

The National Climate Change Policy, which was implemented in 2009, establishes a comprehensive framework aimed at effectively addressing the challenges posed by climate change in Bangladesh. The policy document delineates a comprehensive framework encompassing various strategies aimed at facilitating adaptation, mitigation, and capacity-building efforts. The text underscores the criticality of global collaboration and advocates for the implementation of sustainable development strategies.

Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (BCCSAP), 2009

The BCCSAP, or the Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan, functions as a comprehensive framework for the effective execution of climate change mitigation and adaptation measures. The identification of key sectors susceptible to the impacts of climate change encompasses agriculture, water resources, health, and infrastructure. The proposed strategy centers on enhancing adaptive capacity, mitigating greenhouse gas emissions, and incorporating climate-related factors into sector-specific decision-making processes.

Climate Fiscal Framework

In order to secure the long-term economic viability of climate initiatives, Bangladesh has formulated a Climate Fiscal Framework. The proposed framework aims to establish a harmonious connection between climate-related expenditures and the existing national budgetary processes. This integration will result in improved transparency and accountability in the allocation and utilization of funds dedicated to climate initiatives.

Green Growth Strategy

The Green Growth Strategy of Bangladesh endeavors to facilitate economic expansion while concurrently mitigating adverse environmental consequences. The proposed approach effectively incorporates climate variables into the framework of economic strategizing, with a particular focus on fostering sustainable methodologies within key sectors including energy, agriculture, and infrastructure.

Community-Based Adaptation

Acknowledging the crucial role of local communities in enhancing climate resilience, Bangladesh has successfully implemented community-based adaptation initiatives. These initiatives facilitate the empowerment of communities in tackling climate-related risks, bolstering their ability to adapt, and fostering the development of sustainable livelihoods.

International Collaboration

Bangladesh is proactively involved in international collaborations aimed at mitigating and adapting to the impacts of climate change. It actively engages in international climate negotiations, advocating for the concerns and priorities of nations that are particularly vulnerable to climate change. Additionally, it strives to garner support and resources for initiatives focused on both adapting to and mitigating the impacts of climate change. The augmentation of the nation’s ability to address climate challenges is facilitated through the collaborative efforts with international organizations and donor agencies.

Renewable Energy Development

The promotion of renewable energy sources constitutes a pivotal element within Bangladesh’s comprehensive climate strategy. The government has established ambitious objectives for augmenting the proportion of renewable energy within the overall composition of the national energy portfolio. The implementation of incentives aimed at promoting the adoption of solar energy, wind power, and other renewable sources plays a pivotal role in mitigating our dependence on fossil fuels.

Mangrove Conservation

Mangroves are of paramount importance in bolstering the resilience of coastal ecosystems. Bangladesh has successfully implemented a range of measures aimed at the conservation of mangroves, which encompass afforestation initiatives and the adoption of sustainable management practices. The preservation of mangrove ecosystems plays a crucial role in bolstering coastal protection measures and fostering the conservation of biodiversity.

Education and Awareness

The implementation of climate education and awareness programs is a crucial component of Bangladesh’s comprehensive strategy in addressing climate-related challenges. Efforts undertaken within local communities and educational institutions strive to enhance comprehension of the consequences of climate change, foster the adoption of sustainable behaviors, and cultivate a mindset that is resilient in the face of climatic challenges.

Challenges and Future Directions

a. Challenges

The formidable obstacles encountered in tackling climate change encompass limitations in resources, conflicting objectives in development, and the imperative for advancements in technology. Addressing these challenges necessitates the implementation of pioneering strategies, fostering global cooperation, and adopting a comprehensive perspective towards fostering sustainable development.

b. Future Directions

The future trajectories for Bangladesh’s climate policies encompass enhancing resilience, expediting mitigation endeavors, and embracing pioneering solutions. The prioritization of green technologies, sustainable urban planning, and climate-smart agriculture is of utmost importance in the pursuit of constructing a future that is both resilient to climate change and sustainable in nature.


In conclusion, the legislative and policy framework in Bangladesh demonstrates a proactive stance towards mitigating and adapting to the multifaceted challenges presented by the phenomenon of climate change. The incorporation of climate considerations into the framework of national governance, development planning, and community engagement exemplifies the nation’s dedication to constructing a sustainable and resilient future amidst the challenges posed by climate variability and change.

Contact the Best Barrister and Law Firm in Bangladesh:

DHAKA: House 410, ROAD 29, Mohakhali DOHS
DUBAI: Rolex Building, L-12 Sheikh Zayed Road
LONDON: 1156, St Giles Avenue, Dagenham

 Email Addresses:

24/7 Contact Numbers, Even During Holidays:

Related Posts

Bangladeshi private limited company formation

Bangladeshi private limited company formation

The establishment of a private limited company in Bangladesh gives a multiplicity of benefits, one of which is the removal of personal accountability. Additionally, the creation of such a firm allows for increased ownership and managerial autonomy. In this...

About the Author


Call us!
× Whatsapp