Setting Up a Buying House in Bangladesh

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As global trade continues to thrive, establishing a buying house in Bangladesh offers a strategic gateway for businesses seeking quality products and efficient sourcing. A buying house acts as an intermediary between international buyers and local manufacturers, facilitating seamless transactions. This article provides a step-by-step guide to the setup process for a buying house in Bangladesh, outlining the key requirements, legal procedures, and best practices for a successful venture.

I. Preliminary Steps for Buying House

A. Market Research

  1. Identify Niche and Market Trends: Conduct thorough market research to identify your target niche and understand prevailing market trends. This will inform your product offerings and business strategy.
  2. Assess Competitors: Analyze existing buying houses in Bangladesh to identify potential competitors. Understanding their strengths and weaknesses can help you position your business effectively.

B. Legal Structure and Name Clearance

  1. Choose a Legal Structure: Decide on the legal structure for your buying house. Options include sole proprietorship, partnership, or private limited company. Each has implications for liability, taxation, and management.
  2. Name Clearance: Obtain name clearance from the Registrar of Joint Stock Companies and Firms (RJSC) to ensure your chosen business name is available and compliant with regulations.

II. Registration Process

A. Registrar of Joint Stock Companies and Firms (RJSC)

  1. Prepare Constitutive Documents: Draft the Memorandum of Association (MoA) and Articles of Association (AoA) outlining the company’s objectives, structure, and regulations.
  2. Submit Application: Submit the application for company registration to the RJSC along with the required documents, including MoA, AoA, and a statement of assets and liabilities.

B. Tax Identification Number (TIN)

  1. Apply for TIN: Obtain a Tax Identification Number (TIN) for your buying house. This is essential for tax compliance and conducting business transactions.
  2. VAT Registration: If your annual turnover exceeds the threshold, register for Value Added Tax (VAT) with the National Board of Revenue (NBR).

III. Regulatory Compliance

A. Bangladesh Bank Approval

  1. Foreign Exchange Regulation Approval: Seek approval from Bangladesh Bank for foreign exchange regulations, allowing you to engage in international transactions.
  2. Opening a Bank Account: Open a business bank account with a local bank, ensuring compliance with foreign exchange regulations.

B. Export Registration Certificate (ERC)

  1. Apply for ERC: Obtain an Export Registration Certificate (ERC) from the Chief Controller of Imports and Exports, enabling your buying house to engage in export-related activities.
  2. Renewal Process: ERC needs renewal every year to maintain its validity. Ensure timely renewal to avoid disruptions in your business operations.

IV. Operational Setup

A. Office Space and Infrastructure

  1. Secure Office Space: Choose a suitable office space in a strategic location. Ensure it meets the necessary infrastructure requirements for your buying house operations.
  2. Invest in Technology: Implement technology solutions for communication, order processing, and inventory management to streamline operations.

B. Build Supplier Relationships

  1. Identify Reliable Suppliers: Establish relationships with reliable and compliant suppliers in Bangladesh. Conduct thorough assessments of their capabilities, production processes, and quality standards.
  2. Negotiate Agreements: Negotiate clear and transparent agreements with suppliers, outlining terms, pricing, delivery schedules, and quality expectations.

V. Compliance with Labor Laws

A. Employment Contracts

  1. Draft Employment Contracts: Ensure compliance with Bangladesh’s labor laws by drafting clear and comprehensive employment contracts for your staff.
  2. Social Compliance: Adhere to social compliance standards, including workplace safety, fair wages, and ethical labor practices.

VI. Marketing and Branding

A. Develop a Marketing Strategy

  1. Create a Brand Identity: Develop a strong brand identity for your buying house. This includes a professional logo, website, and marketing collateral.
  2. Online Presence: Leverage digital marketing channels to enhance your online presence and reach potential clients globally.

VII. Conclusion

Setting up a buying house in Bangladesh involves careful planning, adherence to legal requirements, and strategic decision-making. By navigating the registration process, ensuring regulatory compliance, and building strong supplier relationships, your buying house can thrive in the dynamic landscape of international trade.


  1. What is the role of the Registrar of Joint Stock Companies and Firms (RJSC) in setting up a buying house? The RJSC is responsible for registering the buying house as a legal entity. It reviews and approves the submitted documents, including the Memorandum of Association (MoA) and Articles of Association (AoA).
  2. Why is obtaining an Export Registration Certificate (ERC) important for a buying house in Bangladesh? An ERC is essential for engaging in export-related activities. It allows the buying house to conduct international transactions and ensures compliance with regulatory requirements.
  3. How can a buying house ensure compliance with labor laws in Bangladesh? To comply with labor laws, a buying house should draft clear employment contracts, adhere to social compliance standards, and ensure fair wages and ethical labor practices.
  4. What are the key considerations when building relationships with suppliers for a buying house? Identifying reliable and compliant suppliers, conducting thorough assessments of their capabilities, and negotiating transparent agreements are key considerations when building relationships with suppliers.

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